Types Of Cattle In Texas

Cattle In Texas

List of types of cattle in Texas and what you need to know about them.

The climate, the topography as well as the superb geographical position in the state of Texas makes it the ideal place for the proliferation of life. This fact has not escaped human attention, and that is why Texas is the prime location for anybody serious in the business of cattle breeding. Texas has proven over the years to be the location of choice for the cattle themselves who thrive in the sparsely watered ground, the mild to average weather conditions, the abundant vegetation, and the absence of disease that characterizes the state of Texas. This has just been another case of a man copying the example that he sees in nature. In this article, we want to highlight some of the breeds of cattle that there are in the state of Texas.

From the world-famous Texas Longhorns to coal-black Angus, to snow-white Charolais, to red and white Herefords, and then wound up by the floppy-eared, speckled Brahmas, here is a rundown of the types or breeds of cattle in Texas. Enjoy!

Types Of Cattle In Texas

Texas Longhorn
  • 1. Texas Longhorn

This is probably the most popular breed of cattle in the world. while that may be debatable, there is no doubt and no debate in the fact that it is the most popular breed in America, and the signature animal of the state of Texas. The most stand-out feature of the Texas Longhorn is the horns for which it is known. The horns of a Texas Longhorn can spread out up to seven feet wide. The Texas Longhorn is a success of evolution, a well-established breed of cattle that has its roots stretching far back into the history of America.

Ancestors of the breed were introduced to the New World in 1493 when Spanish discoverer Christopher Columbus landed in what is now the Caribbean Islands. As the Spanish moved up north, they moved with their cattle, and in the 1800s, the cattle with Longhorns arrived in the area that is now the state of Texas. These cattle spent many years roaming around freely and were largely considered feral until they started being domesticated in the 19th century. Texas Longhorns have acquired a reputation for being heat-tolerant, hardy, and mobile animals with strong, long legs and longhorns. They can come in various colors, including grey, black, brown, speckled, and white.

  • 2. Angus

The Angus cattle breed is a popular breed of cattle in Texas, and the whole of America. But there is some interesting piece of history surrounding how they came to be in America. Scottish cattle-breeder George Grant is credited with the introduction of the Angus breed into America. He brought four Angus bulls from his homeland in Scotland back to the middle of the Kansas prairie in the year 1873. When two of the Grant bulls were highlighted in the fall of 1873 at the Kansas City (Missouri) Livestock Exposition, they produced varying reactions such as shock and laughter. Some cattlemen dismissed these cattle as “freaks.”

In those years Shorthorn cattle breeds were the dominant and most popular types of cattle so the naturally hornless and solid black Angus bulls certainly looked strange. But the advantages of cattle without horns started to show; people started to see that these bulls were less aggressive and could be stocked in larger numbers on the same land size, and so between 1878 and 1883, their acceptance grew, and then the Angus cattle breed exploded in popularity in the United States.  Subsequently,  more than 1,200 Angus cattle were imported from Scotland in the following couple of years. The popularity of the Angus cattle-breed has not stopped in America, however, the Angus breed is the largest registered breed of cattle in the world.

  • 3. Charolais

The word is pronounced (cha ro lay), and this is one of the oldest of the French cattle breeds. The impressive history of the Charolais goes back as early as 878 A.D. since when this breed of cattle has steadily established itself as one of the most important breeds of cattle in France, and a major breed of cattle in the world.

The Charolais cattle breed made its way across the Atlantic Ocean just after the conclusion of World War I, through the action of Jean Pugibet, a young Mexican industrialist who actually originated from France. It was him that brought some French Charolais cattle to his ranch in Mexico. As expected, the breed crossed the border legally into the United States in 1934. Charolais cattle naturally have horns and are white in color, but today’s breeders have managed to produce hornless  ‘polled’  Charolais cattle.

  • 4. Hereford

Herefords are a globally popular breed of cattle, with their main focus being their ability to multiply steadily. Hereford bulls are prized cattle for their breeding ability. Benjamin Tomkins is considered the founder of the breed. This famous breed of cattle traces its history to about 300 years ago when English farmers founded the breed in response to increased demand for beef which was created by Britain’s Industrial Revolution.

The Hereford breed is known for being a highly efficient and very fertile type of cattle.  In the year 1817, Henry Clay brought the Hereford breed to the United States. But then Hereford characteristics were not established in the United States until U.S. cattlemen William H. Sotham and Erastus Corning established the first Hereford breeding herd to breed together and produce pure Hereford cattle in 1840. The usual Hereford color pattern is a red body with a white face. Sometimes the underparts, feet, and tip of the tail are also white. This breed may occasionally have a white feather pattern on the top of the neckline.

Brahman Cattle
  • 5. Brahma

As you can probably tell from the name, this breed of cattle originally came from India where it is revered as a symbol of worship.  The Brahman breed was developed through centuries of inadequate food, diseases, exposition to insect pests, and inclement weather which can sometimes be a real threat in the tropics. As a result, these cattle have developed remarkable adaptations that have enabled them to survive. Brahman cattle can be identified by the large hump which they have over the top of the shoulder and neck, as well as their curved horns and floppy ears. this breed of cattle is also marked by excessive skin along the throat.

This breed of cattle can vary in color. Interestingly too is the fact that they naturally produce an oily secretion that repels insects. Although they’re a bit of confusion about the records, it is often quoted that the first Brahman cattle breed specimens were imported to the United States in the year 1849 by Dr. James Bolton Davis of South Carolina. Today, the Brahma breed of cattle is an important type of cattle, especially in the drier, parts of Texas, on desert lands that have been converted into cattle ranches.

Texas Cattle Breeds

Those are the types of Cattle in Texas, and we hope that you have found that information useful. Let us now leave you with some information about the Beef Industry in the state of Texas.

The state of Texas is one of the most important states in America as far as agriculture or the nation’s food security is concerned. Texas is not just a major producer of food in America, but also a major producer of food in the world. Texas is the 4th largest food producer (by value) in the United States. Eighty-six percent (86%) of Texas land is under some form of agricultural use, either crop or animal production. The largest cattle inventory ever recorded in Texas was in the year 1975, with about 16.6 million heads of cattle.  Today, the state of Texas has more cattle on feed than both the countries of Australia and Canada put together. Texas continues to be at the forefront of the development of techniques and ways of enhancing and improving cattle production throughout the world, meaning that the future of cattle production in Texas is bright indeed.

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