50 States Flowers and Their Meaning

States Flowers photos

State Flowers

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Each states’ local government have designated 50 official state flowers in the United States. For a variety of reasons, they are picked to represent the state. Some flowers were selected because they grow naturally throughout the state, while others were chosen for historical significance.

The following is a list of the 50 states and their flowers; for more details, please visit The U.S. National Arboretum. Civic leaders have used flowers and flower images as symbols of strong communities since ancient times. Flowers, in fact, could be considered an early form of marketing. While there is no shortage of advertising in modern America, we still rely on flowers for their unrivaled communication abilities, with each state proudly claiming an official state flower.

Alabama State Flower

Camellia

In June 1999 the Legislature designated that the Camellia (Camellia japonica L) is the official state flower of Alabama. Camellia comes in colors pink, red and white with each color carrying different meaning. Pink Camellia means longing, red Camellia means “you are a flame in my heart”, while the white Camellia means adoration, loveliness or perfection.

Alaska State Flower

Forget Me Not

The state flower of Alaska is the Forget Me Not which was chosen in 1949. The Forget Me Not plant symbolizes true love as well as faithful love and memories. The flowers of the Forget Me Not are five petaled and are colored sky blue. They are used to decorate gifts with hopes that the receiver will not forget the giver.

Arizona State Flower

Saguaro Cactus Blossom

The state of Arizona has a very unique state flower. It was confirmed in 1931, the Saguaro Cactus Blossom is characterized by its waxy feel and fragrant aroma. Bats and doves are the main pollinators of the Saguaro flowers.

Arkansas State Flower

Apple Blossom

The Apple Blossom was selected as the state flower of Arkansas in 1901. It has pink and white petals with green leaves. Apple Blossoms and trees were honoured by ancient Celts as a symbol of love, peace, sensuality and fertility.

California State Flower

California Poppy

The California Poppy became the state flower in 1903. The flower blooms in open area, grassy or sandy slopes, they were cherished by California Indians as both a source of food and the oil extracted from the plant. The Golden Poppy has been the symbol of the dead and of sleep since antiquity.

California Poppy

Colorado State Flower

Rocky Mountain Columbine

The Columbine flower (Colorado Blue Columbine) was designated as the Colorado state flower in April, 1899. The flowers are bicolored and are known for its distinctive bell-shape flowers with its petals modified into an elongated nectar spur. They are also very fragrant. The Columbine flower is the symbol of foolishness based on the flower’s resemblance to a jester’s cap and bells. It is also considered bad luck to give Columbine flowers to a woman.

Connecticut State Flower

Mountain Laurel

The Mountain Laurel was designated as the state flower of Connecticut in 1907. It is perhaps the most beautiful of native American shrubs with its star shaped flowers ranging in colors from red to pink to white. They bloom between May and June. Laurel flowers have several meanings associated with it dating back to its earliest appearances in Greek Mythology. The Mountain Laurel is associated with ambition and perseverance.

Delaware State Flower

Peach Blossom

The Peach Blossom was adopted as the state flower of Delaware in 1953. Peach blossoms are light pink to carmine, to purplish in color where the petals can be large and showy or small and curved on margins. In Chinese Peach Blossoms symbolize growth, prosperity, long life and romance. With its association to romance, Peach Blossoms are popular with single people who decorate with them in hopes of finding romance. The Peach Blossom also symbolizes perseverance and reliability.

Florida State Flower

Orange Blossom

Orange Blossom was designated as the state flower of Florida on November 15, 1909. It is native to subtropical Southeast Asia and it is one of the most fragrant flowers in Florida. In ancient China, India and Persia, Orange Blossoms were associated with innocence, purity and chastity and is often associated with brides. In the Victorian era, the flowers came to symbolize fertility.

Georgia State Flower

Cherokee Rose

The Cherokee Rose was designated as the state floral emblem of Georgia in 1916. The Cherokee Rose is associated with the legend of the Cherokee Rose people and is symbolic of the hardship these people endured as well the purity of their hearts.

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Hawaii State Flower

Pua Aloalo

The Hawaiian Hibiscus became the state flower of Hawaii in 1959 but its wasn’t till 1988 that the Yellow Hibiscus which was native to the islands was selected to represent Hawaii. In ancient Egypt, the Hibiscus was associated with the goddess Isis and is associated with simplicity and delicacy.

Idaho State Flower

Mock Orange

The Mock Orange was designated as the state flower of Idaho in 1931. It is an ornamental plant with aromatic flowers best used in a shrubbery border or as an informal hedge. In terms of flower essences, the mock orange means that you want the feminine qualities of a person to come out. It also encourages gentleness and nurturing.

Illinois State Flower

Purple Violet

On January 21, 1908 the Purple Violet was designated as the state flower of Illinois. Purple Violets are native perennial plants blooming around mid to late spring. Purple violet flowers symbolize faithfulness and the color purple also symbolizes magic, imagination and mystery.

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Indiana State Flower

Peony

The Peony was adopted as the state flower of Indiana in 1957. It is a herbaceous perennial native to Asia, Southern Europe and Western North America. The Peony plant produces large, fragrant flowers in shades of red to white or yellow, light pink to magenta in late spring and early summer. Peony flowers represent bashfulness (shyness) and healing.

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Iowa State Flower

Wild Prairie Rose

The Wild Prairie Rose became the state flower of Iowa in 1897. They are broad and fragrant in varying shades of pink with many yellow stamens in the center. The Wild Prairie Rose symbolizes grace and perfect happiness.

Kansas State Flower

Sunflower

The Sunflower has been domesticated around 1000 B.C. and is grown as ornamental plants. It is the state flower of Kansas. Sunflowers symbolize adoration and pure thoughts.

Kentucky State Flower

Goldenrod

Goldenrod is the common name for certain related plants of the Asteraceae/Compositae family. They are very popular fillers in flower arrangements. Native to all of Kentucky, 30 of nearly 100 species are found in the state. It is said to symbolize cautiousness.

Louisiana State Flower

Magnolia

Magnolia is the state flower of Louisiana. It is native to eastern North America, Central America, West Indies and east and Southeast Asia. It has rich fragrance with creamy white blooms. The magnolia flower symbolizes the love of nature.

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Maine State Flower

White pine cone and Tassel

The White pine cone and Tassel was adopted as the state flower of Maine by the Legislature of 1895. The flowers are slender and thornless which are fragrant and aromatic.

Maryland State Flower

Black-eyed Susan

The Black-eyed Susan was designated as the state flower of Maryland on April 18, 1918. They have colorful yellow-gold single petals that are often two to four inches across, and encircling their large black centers. Since the Black-eyed Susan is a member of the sunflower family it also symbolizes adoration and pure thoughts.

Massachusetts State Flower

Trailing-Arbutus

Trailing-Arbutus is the state flower of Massachusetts. Its commonly known as Mayflower. It has long been cultivated as an ornamental plant with flowers occurring in pale pink or white. It blooms from March to May.

Michigan State Flower

Apple Blossom

The state of Michigan also adopted Apple Blossom as its state flower. The Celts revered both the Apple plant and Apple Blossom as symbols of fertility, peace and sensuality.

Minnesota State Flower

Pink and White Lady’s Slipper

The Pink and White Lady’s Slipper also known as the Showy Lady’s Slipper or Queen’s Lady Slipper was adopted as the state flower of Minnesota in 1902. It grows slowly taking 4 to 16 years before producing its first flower. In the language of flowers, Lady’s Slipper means Capricious Beauty.

Mississippi State Flower

Magnolia

In 1952, the Magnolia was designated as the state flower of Mississippi. Magnolia trees have large fragrant flowers and evergreen leaves that make them one of the most splendid forest trees and a very popular ornamental plant. The magnolia flower symbolizes the love of nature.

Missouri State Flower

Hawthorn

The White Hawthorn Blossom was designated as the state flower of Missouri on March 16, 1923. These flowers are white and grow in bunches on hawthorn trees. The White Hawthorn Blossom symbolizes purity.

Montana State Flower

Bitterroot

The Bitterroot was selected as the Montana State Flower on February 27, 1895. The flowers are white to pinkish color and bloom from May to June. The Bitterroot flower represents a new start.

Nebraska State Flower

Goldenrod

The Goldenrod was declared the Nebraska State flower in 1895. It is seen in dry, moderate moisture, wet, woods, meadows, prairies, shores. Goldenrods symbolizes being cautious.

Nevada State Flower

Sagebrush

Sagebrush is an aromatic, woody shrub with yellow flowers. It is the state flower of Nevada. Big sagebrush flowers from late summer into fall. The sagebrush flower is associated with the symbolism of skill and wisdom.

New Hampshire State Flower

Purple Lilac

The Purple Lilac was adopted as the state flower of New Hampshire in 1919. It is popular for its beauty and fragrance and is reminiscent of springtime. Purple lilac flowers symbolize your first emotions of love and fastidious.

New Jersey State Flower

Violet

The Common Meadow Violet is the state flower of New Jersey. It is the easiest specie of violets to grow. Blue and purple violets symbolize faithfulness and white violets represent simplicity and modesty.

New Mexico State Flower

Yucca flower

On March 14,1927, the Yucca flower was adopted as the state flower of New Mexico. Yucca’s characteristic feature is the presence of rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal clusters of whitish flowers. It symbolizes sturdiness and endurance.

New York State Flower

Rose

The Rose in all its variety and colors was designated as the state flower of New York in 1955. Roses symbolize a number of different feelings and attributes, depending on the color. Red roses represent love, yellow symbolizes friendship and pink roses represent grace and perfect happiness.

North Carolina State Flower

American Dogwood

The American Dogwood also known as Flowering Dogwood is the state flower of North Carolina. It is known for its showy flowers that bloom in the spring. The American Dogwood is associated with legends and myths.

North Dakota State Flower

Wild Prairie Rose

The Wild Prairie Rose was designated as the state flower of North Dakota in 1907. The Wild Prairie Rose grows along roadsides, in pastures, and in native meadows. The Wild Prairie Rose symbolizes grace and perfect happiness.

Ohio State Flower

Scarlet Carnation

The Scarlet Carnation was designated as the state flower of Ohio in 1904. Scarlet Carnations are probably the most popular cut flowers in the world, they are are also very fragrant. The flowers occur in white, pink and purple. The Scarlet Carnation symbolizes admiration.

Oklahoma State Flower

Mistletoe

In 1893 the Mistletoe was adopted as the state flower of Oklahoma.  Mistletoe grows on trees throughout the state and is particularly bountiful in the southern regions of Oklahoma. Mistletoes are traditional decorations during the Christmas season. Mistletoe symbolizes kissing, affection and romance.

Oregon State Flower

Oregon Grape

The Oregon Grape was designated as the state flower of Oregon on July 18, 1892. It is a low maintenance plant used in landscaping. The flowers are yellowish-green and bloom in large numbers forming a cluster. It represents the beauty seen throughout Oregon.

Pennsylvania State Flower

Mountain Laurel

Enacted by the General Assembly on May 5, 1933, the Mountain Laurel is the state flower of Pennsylvania. When the mountain laurel blooms, Pennsylvania’s woodlands are filled with its distinctive pink flower. The Mountain Laurel is associated with ambition and perseverance.

Rhode Island State Flower

Common Blue Violet

The Common Blue Violet was adopted as the state flower of Rhode Island in 1908. It is a perennial plant that blooms from April to May. The Common Blue Violet represents “being faithful”.

South Carolina State Flower

Yellow Jessamine

The Yellow Jessamine was adopted as the state flower of South Carolina by the General Assembly on February 1, 1924. It is indigenous to every nook and corner of the state and is frequently used as a ground cover or a trellis decoration. The Yellow Jessamine represents modesty.

South Dakota State Flower

Pasque Flower

The Pasque Flower also known as the May Day Flower is the state flower of South Dakota where it grows wild and blooms at the first sign of spring. The flower is lavender in color and is quite small. The Pasque Flower represents the meaning “without pretension.”

Tennessee State Flower

Iris

The Legislature in 1933 designated the Iris as the state flower of Tennessee. Iris flowers occur in purple or white and are native to central and southern Europe. They are brilliant spring flowers and are well-loved garden plants. The flower symbolism associated with the iris is faith, wisdom, cherished friendship, hope, valor, my compliments, promise in love, wisdom.

Texas State Flower

Bluebonnet

The Bluebonnet was adopted as the state flower of Texas in 1901. It blooms in the early spring and can be readily found in fields and along the roadsides throughout central and south Texas. Historian Jack Maguire wrote, that “The bluebonnet is to Texas what the shamrock is to Ireland, the cherry blossom to Japan, the lily to France, the rose to England and the tulip to Holland.” Bluebonnet flowers represent spring in Texas.

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Utah State Flower

Sego Lily

The Sego Lily became the state flower of Utah in 1911. It grows up to 6 to 8 inches in height and looks like tulips with blooms seen in many colors. The Sego Lily symbolizes majesty and purity.

Vermont State Flower

Red Clover

The Red Clover was designated as the state flower of Vermont on February 1, 1895. It is also known as Pavine Clover or Cowgrass. The Red clover flower is a dome-shaped flower cluster; the plant can grow up to 20 inches tall. The plant is a source of medicinal property and is dried for therapeutic use. Red Clovers represent industry.

Virginia State Flower

American Dogwood

In 1918, the American Dogwood was adopted as the state flower of Virginia. The American Dogwood flowers are small and consist of four showy petal-like bracts, usually snow white or pink.  It was selected to foster a feeling of pride in our state and to stimulate an interest in the history and traditions of the Commonwealth. The American Dogwood is associated with legends and myths.

Washington State Flower

Coast Rhododendron

The Coast Rhododendron was selected as the state flower of Washington in 1892. It is also known as California Rhododendron and is referred to as the King of Shrubs known for their flowering evergreen plants best for temperate landscape. Rhododendrons represent the historical past the evergreen leaves symbolize everlasting life.

West Virginia State Flower

Rhododendron Maximum

The Rhododendron Maximum was selected as the state flower of West Virginia on January 29, 1903. The Rhododendron flowers are showy and commonly have 8 to 10 stamens. They blossoming peak is around mid-July. Rhododendrons symbolize history and the leaves represent eternal life.

Wisconsin State Flower

Wood Violet

The Wood Violet was designated as the state flower of Wisconsin on June 4, 1949. The wood violet is a small commonly seen flower in meadows areas, along roadsides. Wood violets symbolize faithfulness, simplicity and modesty.

Wyoming State Flower

Indian Paintbrush

The Indian Paintbrush or Painted Cup or Prairie Fire was selected as the state flower of Wyoming in 1917. Indian Paintbrush flowers are in clusters, long tube-like pale green to red on the ends. Painted Cup flowers are partly hidden by bright red, with toothed bracts. The Indian paintbrush flower symbolizes both beauty and freedom.

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