Types Of Bass In Texas

Types Of Texas Bass

If you are reading this article then you are probably a Texas fishing enthusiast. That means you are trying to find out more about the list and different types of Bass that are in the waters of Texas for fishing purposes.

What is Bass?

Bass is the broad name for a number of closely related fresh-water fish species that share a number of characteristics, including their voracious appetites. The black bass is no doubt the most popular freshwater gamefish in the world, this is attributed to their biting every bait insight- because of their voracious appetites, and the fact that they will give you a good to fight. Many anglers have enjoyed good times on fishing trips, and have the Bass to thank for it. No doubt you want to know more about the Bass. We will give you exactly that information. Let’s Go!

Types Of Bass In Texas 

Guadalupe Bass, Image Source: Texas Parks and Wild Life
  • 1. Guadalupe Bass

The Guadalupe Bass  ( also known as Micropterus treculii) is a type of Bass which is well known to fishing enthusiasts in Texas for its appetite. The Guadalupe Bass was first described in 1874, as a unique subspecies. There are a few unique characteristics to this type of fish: The fish’s upper jaw does not reach the past middle of the eye. It has spiny and soft-rayed dorsal fins which are joined with shallow notches between them. Also, the fish have a tooth patch on the tongue. The fish also has scales on the bases of soft dorsal and anal fins.

How to Identify it: It has Dark lateral stripes that often have 10 to 12 bars. The Dorsal fins usually have 10 spines, and the anal fin has 3 spines. The fish has between 55 to 71 lateral line scales.

Largemouth Bass
  • 2. Largemouth Bass

The Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides), is a kind of Bass, more specifically a kind of Black Bass that first got attention as a unique Bass subspecies in the year 1802. It is present in most of the freshwaters of Texas and is quite popular among fishing enthusiasts. There are a few characteristics by which this type of fish can be identified. The fish’s upper jaw extends past the eye, it has spiny and soft-rayed dorsal fins which are joined with a deep notch between them, there is a presence of Dark mid-lateral stripes or blotches from the tip of snout to the caudal fin.

How to Recognize it: It has dorsal fins with 9 spines, as well as anal fins which have  3 spines. This particular type of bass has between  59 to 72 lateral line scales.

Smallmouth Bass
  • 3. Smallmouth Bass

Next to swim into our list of bass in Texas is the Smallmouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieu). The smallmouth Bass is a member of the Black Bass family and a well-known native of Texas waters. This type of Bass was first described in the year 1802 and even has two classified subspecies, making it a small family on its own.

How can you Identify it? It has Upper jaws that do not reach past the eye. This type of bass also has 3 dark bars on each cheek. There are also spiny and soft-rayed dorsal fins which are joined with shallow notches between them. Furthermore, the Bases of their dorsal and anal fins have small scales. The fish have about 8 to 16 vertical lateral bars, have Dorsal fin which has 9 to 10 spines on them, and anal fins with 3 spines. They generally have between 67 to 81 lateral line scales.

Spotted Bass
  • 4. Spotted Bass

Next on our list is the (Micropterus punctulatus), more commonly known as the Spotted Bass. This type of fish was First described as a unique subspecies in 1819. It is a common inhabitant of Texas waters and well known to fishing enthusiasts throughout the state.

  How to Identify It? The spotted bass has Upper jaws that do not reach the past middle of the pupil. Note its jaws reach the eyes, but do not go past the pupil. It has Spiny and soft-rayed dorsal fins that are joined together by shallow notches between them. Furthermore, the base of its dorsal and anal fins have small scales. The fish’s Lateral body has many dark patches that touch its dorsal fin. Its lower lateral scales come together to produce dark, horizontal rows or stripes. Its Dorsal fins generally have 10 spines and its anal fins have 3 spines. This type of fish usually have about 55 to 71 lateral line scales

Conclusion: The Bass is One Family

There are actually 9 recognized species of bass which include the Alabama bass, Florida bass, Guadalupe bass, Largemouth Bass, Redeye Bass, Shoal bass, as well as the Smallmouth bass, Spotted bass, and Suwannee bass.  Of the 9 listed above, there are only 4 that are native to the state of Texas, and those types have been properly highlighted in this article.

All types of Bass are actually one family because they look very much alike to the simple eye. Their bodies are generally elongated, they have a larger mouth size, their bodies are covered with overlapping scales, and the fish are carnivorous. To the untrained eye, the Bass bears a huge resemblance to such fish as the Tilapia, although the bass is a lot bigger, heavier and stronger. As you have seen in the article, types of Bass are only differentiated by small and largely inconsequential factors, some of which we will recap below.

  •  Basses  have different upper jaw length and position compared to the eye
  •  Basses are differentiated by the size and location of lateral stripes and/or blotches that they have.
  •  They have small differences in the number of spines on their dorsal and anal fins.
  • They can also be separated based on the number of scales on the lateral line

To the fishing enthusiasts, there should be no difference as to the particular type of Bass in the water as all the types of  Bass that we have highlighted above share similar attributes which is an insatiable appetite. Therefore, you do not have to worry. Just get your bait and throw it into the water. As long as there is bass in the water they are quite sure to respond to the bait.

Please take note of all safety precautions while going fishing. If you are going fishing on a boat, please use a life-jacket- especially if you do not know how to swim. Furthermore, ensure that it is safe to be in or around the water. Contact the relevant authorities to ensure that the water is safe from any kind of animal predator, this is especially true if you are going with a child.

After putting the work and bringing home the catch, it will be good to note that Bass do well in the kitchen as well, they are fish of good taste and there are a number of delicacies that feature the bass as main courses.

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