How Much Wood Will You Need This Winter?
- How Much Wood Will You Need This Winter?
A cord is the standard measurement that is used whenever you purchase wood or firewood. You can buy a face cord or a full cord depending on how much you need to use or store. Firewood is not just used for winter; it can also be used the whole year round, especially for cooking.
Obtaining an adequate supply of firewood is a major concern for many homeowners, particularly those who live in rural areas where modern or more advanced forms of home heating and cooking are not readily available. In some cases, having enough firewood can mean the difference between life and death.
Knowing how much wood you need is one of the most important things that you should ask yourself when it comes to having an adequate supply. Storing more than what is needed is also better than not having enough. This is why many first-timers ask me, how long does a cord of wood last?
What Is A Cord?
When buying firewood, you need to understand that they have to be stored properly and that they need to be stacked a couple of inches above the ground. In some cases, you will just tell the dealer where to put them and the dealer will be the one to stack the wood you ordered into cords.
A cord is actually a measurement of volume. There are two types of wood cord, the face cord, and the full cord. The face cord is basically 4 feet high, 8 feet long, and 16 inches deep. A full cord of wood, on the other hand, is basically three face cords that have been stacked together.
A full cord can also refer to a stack of wood that is 4 feet high by 4 feet wide by 8 feet long. In most cases, the full cord can have a volume of 128 cubic feet. But the wood within the full cord will only have a volume of 85 cubic feet since the rest will be made up of empty air spaces.
To help you order enough firewood, you need to have adequate space outdoors where you can stack and store them. Since ordering them is done by the cord, you need to know that 1 cord is enough to last 1 whole season for as long as you burn fires minimally. Around 1-2 times fires per week.
If you make fires several times per week, you should consider getting 2 face cords or better yet, a full cord so that you will be able to have enough firewood for the entire season. If you are not using firewood as your main source of heat indoors, a face cord can actually last for an entire year.
Factors To Consider
When it comes to buying a cord of wood, there are a lot of factors that you need to consider. You need to know what the wood is made up of because if you are using hardwood trees, the cord will be much heavier and it will last longer than those made of wood and are not as dense.
You should also know if the wood has already been split. This is because you will actually be able to get more if the cord is made up of wood that has already been split than one that is made up of round logs. If the wood is also used for home heating, you should also consider how big the home is.
Depending on where you are located and how severe the weather conditions are in your area, you might have to order several full cords. You should also consider whether you are going to use the wood as your main source for heating and cooking or if it will only be used for supplemental purposes.
Typically, you will need to use a lot of wood to heat up large houses especially if the stove is no longer in good condition and if the house is too drafty. Of course, you will also have to consider how many people are living in your home. All these factors can affect how long a cord of wood can last.
How Long Does A Cord Of Wood Last?
In some cases, a half a cord can last for as long as 2 months when heating a small house. This means that it is possible for a cord of wood to heat small homes for as long as 4 months. If you have a rocket mass heater, it might even be possible for you to use a cord for 6 months in cooking and in heating water.
But when it comes to heating a house that is made up of 1,600 square meters, for example, some people say that they will have to use as many as 8 cords of wood during winter. This means that for their specific needs, one cord will only last less than a week.
Some people also say that for as long as there are no leaks in the house and with good insulation, a homeowner with a 1,500-square feet home will only need to prepare three to four cords of wood simply because insulation plays a very big role in helping you to keep wood consumption down.
There are also homeowners who have a 1,100 square foot house who say that one and a half full cords can easily last them through winter if the wood is only used specifically for heating. A cord, therefore, can easily last them for 2 months.
How Much Does A Cord Of Wood Weigh? Safe Storage And Transport
Firewood is an important item that you need to have in your home especially if the area where you live in goes through harsh winters. Although it can be a great thing to have advanced home heating systems, the only way for you to keep your family warm when your home heating fails is through firewood.
When it comes to buying firewood, you need to know that it is officially measured by cords. You can either buy a face cord, or a full cord. A firewood cord is a unit of measurement that refers to volume rather than weight. This is why in most cases, people who order them have no idea how heavy a cord is.
Knowing how much a cord of wood weighs is very important especially if you want to transport it on your own or if you are preparing a place where you can store your firewood. If you have no idea how much it weighs, you might end up bringing the wrong car or making a weak storage rack.
Factors That Can Affect The Weight Of The Cord
The weight of the cord varies depending on the type of tree used and whether the wood is green or dried. Because green wood has a high moisture content, a cord of green wood weighs twice as much as one made of dried wood.
A cord that is made up of round logs also weighs less than a cord that is made up of split pieces. When it comes to the species of wood used, you need to know that hardwood trees are much heavier than other trees. For the commonly used oak tree, you need to know that red oak can be heavier than white oak.
This is due to the higher density of hardwood trees compared to softwood trees such as pine. You should also be aware that the lighter the wood is, the longer it has been left outside. Seasoning wood is the process of allowing it to dry on a raised platform and can help make it lighter and burn better.
How Much Does A Cord Of Wood Weigh?
Freshly cut bur oak can weigh up to 4960 pounds and 3768 pounds when dried for a full cord. Freshly cut red or pink oak can weigh up to 4888 lbs. and 3528 lbs. when dried for a full cord. White oak, on the other hand, weighs 5573 pounds when wet and 4200 pounds when dry.
If your firewood cord is made up of other trees, you should know that a cord of freshly cut applewood weighs 4850 pounds, a cord of green ash can weigh up to 4184 pounds, a cord of yellow birch can weigh up to 4312 pounds, and a cord of willow can weigh up to 4320 pounds. All of these are green weights.
To get an estimate of how much a face cord would weigh, divide the weight of a full cord of a specific type of wood by three. To determine the weight of a particular type of dried wood, subtract approximately 70% of its green weight.
More information about the cord weight of different types of trees can be found online. There are ready-made tables to help you collect data, and you can also use online calculators to quickly determine how much several cords of a specific type of wood weigh.
How Many Pieces Of Wood Are There In A Cord?
Because the cord refers to volume rather than quantity, the number of wood in one cord can vary depending on how the wood is cut and the type of wood used. A face cord is typically made up of 220 – 240 pieces of wood.
Because a full cord is three times the size of a face cord, it can typically contain 700 pieces of wood. However, you must understand that the number of pieces in a cord is never fixed. And if you really want to know how many pieces there are, count them one by one.
Why Can I Buy Firewood By Cord?
A cord is an official measurement for firewood. This is why you need to buy them using this way. The price of the firewood is also calculated by a cord, so it is best that you buy face cords or full cords so you will know its real value right away.
Some dealers can sell firewood by truck loads and even by station wagon loads, but it does not mean that you are getting more value from buying units that cannot be related to the standard cord. As a matter of fact, you can actually end up paying more but getting less if you are not careful.
How long a cord will last will actually depend on many different factors. Aside from taking into consideration the volume and the quality of the actual cord, you will also have to take into consideration the actual area as well as the actual condition of your own house is.
In some cases, a cord of wood can easily last homeowners for 2 – 4 months and possibly even more. But when it comes to heating very large houses, especially those that have poor insulation, it can be very easy for them to consume 1 cord of wood in just a matter of days up to a few weeks.
Of course, the factors that were mentioned earlier are what can help make wood last longer or shorter. This is why when it comes to getting an adequate supply, I highly recommend that you try to store or buy around 3-8 cords and just season and store the ones that were not used for next year.