In this article, we want to look at the types of cockroaches that are common in homes in Texas, so as to help you the reader know exactly what you are dealing with. Without any further ado let us get straight to the types of cockroaches in Texas and all you need to know about them.
Many people, in different parts of the world, are training cockroaches in their houses. That is generally a bad idea, and you do not want to be one of them. Even though cockroaches will not bite or sting, they can contaminate foods as they regularly run straight from toilets or sewers to uncovered food or food in storage.
Types Of Cockroaches In Texas
1. German Cockroach
Despite their name, German roaches are found everywhere in the world. They are a very hardy species and can survive extreme conditions. These species multiply so rapidly that researchers have said that if a single fertile female enters a home, there can be a community of over 30,000 individual cockroaches running around within a year. That means that an infestation by this species is a serious issue that must not be taken lightly. As a matter of fact, as soon as it is confirmed that a home has cockroaches of this species, it is certainly wise to contact pest removal experts to carry out fumigation.
How can You Recognize German Cockroach?
These pests are light brown in color, and Adults are a little over half an inch in length. A major distinctive feature of these cockroaches is that the German cockroach has two dark stripes running longitudinally on its body. That is the top section of the back.
German cockroaches are predominantly indoor pests. This species of cockroaches prefer conditions that are wet and humid, they will most likely be seen in such places as the kitchen, as well as in bathrooms. German cockroaches can fly, but they typically only fly over very short distances.
Breeding and Life Cycle
These are a few things that you should know about this species of cockroaches:
The Females of the German Cockroach lays 35-40 eggs. They do not just abandon the eggs however, Roach females carry these eggs in an egg case ( called ootheca) until they are ready to hatch. The eggs hatch after a period of about one month. Young cockroaches are called nymphs.
Nymphs may usually take anywhere between six weeks to six months to mature into adult German roaches, depending on a number of circumstances generally bordering on nutrition. Generally, German cockroaches produce three to four generations every year. At a rate of 35-40 nymphs, that can easily translate to 160 nymphs from one female alone. Keep in mind that the nymphs will reach adulthood and likely also breed. The situation is indeed frightening!
2. SmokyBrown Cockroaches
Smokybrown roaches can be described as complicated creatures. This is because while they are nocturnal, this type of cockroach is attracted to light. So much so that they often enter homes and other such places upon seeing it. What information can help you locate these types of roaches in your home? Smokybrown roaches have been recorded to display the following characteristics:
The smokybrown’s body usually gets dehydrated quite easily. These cockroaches, therefore, choose places that have water, or that are at least moist and damp. Smokybrown cockroaches have many outdoor shelters and usually find homes too warm to live in, except on rare occasions. This species of cockroaches are excellent fliers, and can usually be seen flying in the direction of the light sources.
How to Recognize Smokybrown Roaches?
Smokybrown cockroaches have a uniformly dark-brown to black pronotum. Adults are about an inch and a half long. On the adult, you will see that the wings are noticeably bigger than the body.
Breeding and Life Cycle
The female of this species usually finds a warm spot to lay about 24 eggs in an ootheca. Smokybrown roach eggs have an incubation period of about 50 days after which the nymphs emerge. The nymphs take 10 to 12 months to grow into adults.
3. Brown-Banded Cockroach
The Brown -Banded Cockroach is another indoor species of cockroach that is very highly distributed across the globe. It too is a very prolific breeder and will multiply up to triple figures after the entrance of a single fertile female. Interestingly though, German roaches and these cockroaches will rarely share the same hiding or breeding spots. Brown Banded cockroaches can be found in most places with warm climates.
How to Recognize Brown-Banded Roaches
Brown-Banded cockroaches, as the implies, are predominantly brown in color. Male brown-banded cockroaches are characterized by dark-brown bodies, and a golden-tanned color as your gaze goes toward the tips of their wings. The most noticeable feature of the brown-banded cockroach is the yellow-brown stripes that they have across the abdomen and wings. Females of this species have dark-brown bodies and are also known for reddish-brown wings. Unlike many other species cockroaches, Brown Banded roaches tend to avoid moist places. Brown-banded roaches tend to feel more at home in warm environments, though, that is perhaps the reason why they like to come indoors. These creatures can usually be found in cupboards, kitchen cabinets, as well as drawers in places like bathrooms, and around toilets. These cockroaches are mostly active at night and are known to having a high preference for materials that have high starch content- this makes their likely location your kitchen. This species moves by crawling. Only the males of this species can fly, and they mostly only do so when the climate is warm.
Breeding and Life Cycle
The Female of brown-banded cockroach species will usually lay about 18 eggs in an ootheca. Females usually carry the ootheca for 24 to 36 hours only, after which the female will usually find a warm undisturbed spot to put them. The eggs then hatch into nymphs after about one to three months. Brown-banded cockroach nymphs grow quickly, and will only take 13 to 45 weeks to mature into adulthood.
3. Oriental Cockroach
The Oriental Cockroach which some people prefer to call the “water bug”, or a black beetle, is a bug that is dull and uninteresting, except for the fact that it is slow-moving and gives off a distinctive musky smell. As per color, this is a black cockroach with a glossy body. Oriental roaches are uniquely adapted for survival in the natural world. The oriental roach is more likely to be found running around in your garden than indoors. This species prefers to stay out of sight of humans. The Oriental roaches prefer to feed primarily on decayed organic matter and garbage, so people most often find oriental roaches in shallow leaf litter, as well as garbage. On rare occasions when they are found inside human houses, these roaches can be found hiding in dark, cool, damp places such as sinks, drains, and basements. Especially if the garbage is not regularly taken out and disposed of. Another key feature of these roaches is that they are incapable of flight. Oriental cockroaches only run and do not fly.
How To Identify Oriental Cockroach?
Oriental cockroaches can be recognized by the colors of their bodies. They are almost unique for the black, shiny bodies that they have. Adults of this species are usually about one and a quarter-inch long. The wings of a male oriental cockroach do not have to measure up to its body length. In fact, they are noticeably shorter. The wings of the female, however, are vestigial and undeveloped.
Breeding and Life Cycle
The Female of the oriental roaches species usually lays about 16 eggs in an ootheca. It does not carry the ootheca around though, it lays them in a cool dry spot. The eggs hatch and the nymphs emerge after two months. Oriental cockroach nymphs usually take anywhere from 6 to 18 months to mature into adulthood.
4. American Cockroach
As far as individual specimens go these are the largest types of cockroaches that are found in American homes. Some people often call the American cockroach the “palmetto bug.” It is worthy of note that this is one of the cockroaches with the longest lifespan. The adult American cockroach is recorded to have survived for as long as two years.
How to Recognize An American Cockroach
The American cockroach, as for color is marked by its dark-red or brown color, with light yellow on the edges on its body. The adult typically measures one to three inches in length. The wings of male roaches of this species are typically longer than the body, while those of the female cockroaches just overlap the midsection. When you look intently at the back of the head of the American roach, you can barely identify what looks like figure 8. In the natural environment, the American cockroach is predominantly found on trees. When they are forced by inclement weather to move indoors, they have a preference for humid, dark, and undisturbed places such as basements, roof voids, under the floorboards, and other such places where they can live in peace as though that was the natural environment. When they need to get away from danger Adult American roaches can fly.
Breeding and Life Cycle
The female of this species lays about as 16 eggs into an ootheca. The female carries the ootheca around for several days. The female then proceeds to pick a brooding spot where other oothecae are deposited together in groups and often cemented down.After a period of about 2 months, the eggs then hatch and the nymphs proceed to come out of the oothecae. It typically takes about 6 to 12 months for the American roach nymph to mature into adulthood. Based on special circumstances the maturity could delay till up to 15 months.
Conclusion On The Types Of Cockroach In Texas
- Signs Of Roaches
As we have mentioned earlier, although roaches don’t sting or bite, they can transmit disease, contaminate your food, and even damage belongings. That poses a problem, particularly because you may not be aware of the infestation of your house by roaches. But here are a few signs that you can look for.
- Cockroach Feces
If you see small cylindrical stuff that is colored brown or black in color, then it is probably cockroach excrement. This may be especially true if you find it in places such as the kitchen or dining area. If you find this kind of stuff in uncovered food that is left through the night then it is quite probably a sign of cockroach infestation.
- Roach Skins
Roach nymphs molt five to eight times during their maturation process. Although you may not readily see this piece of evidence because they do not usually molt in open areas, but if perchance you do see this, then you are sure of your cockroach problem.
- Unusual Odor
When cockroaches converge, they often produce an unpleasant odor that lingers. This odor is much more pronounced in areas with the highest infestation.
If you notice any of the aforementioned signs, then you should start taking steps to control the proliferation of these pests in your house. Cleanliness should be your priority: vacuum your house regularly, wipe the dining table, and make sure that you wash your dishes regularly. Furthermore, ensure that your trash is disposed frequently and that your trash can has a lid that fits tightly. Apply pesticides to the area where you have noticed these signs as well as all corners and crevices within your home.