Visit Lubbock this Weekend

A long weekend near the Panhandle offers an upscale experience with a dressed-down attitude.

As you stand on the plains of West Texas and feel the warm breeze fanning your face, you experience the undeniable pioneering spirit that tamed this terrain, officially dubbed Lubbock on March 16, 1909. You feel a bit like one of the folks who traveled by train to settle in this new land, because of the agriculture industry that encouraged newcomers to become a “local.” The city was named after Texas Ranger Thomas Lubbock and is known for its rich culture in history, music, and the dancing yellows, oranges, and purples of a West Texas sunset.

To tap into Lubbock’s Old West vibe, visit the National Ranching Heritage Center, where 47 authentic buildings and structures from well-known ranches were relocated and reassembled. Early Texas ranching life will come alive as you peer into a primitive cabin made of cactus stalks or meander through a plush, two-story ranch home built from a mail-order catalog kit.

Once you have brushed up on your Texas history, you can indulge your appetite at Las Brisas Southwest Steakhouse, a local favorite that has steak selections from the finest cuts of Reserve Black Angus Beef. Its patio was voted best dining patio. Then, satisfy your shopping compulsion by visiting one of Lubbock’s finest boot and hat shops, Boot City, which carries the most walked-about boots in town.

When you’re ready to kick off your boots, turn in at the Woodrow House Bed & Breakfast. Stay in either the Victorian room or the authentic Santa Fe caboose and you might just think that you’ve died and gone to heaven.

If golf is your game, then visit Texas Tech University’s premier venue, The Rawls Course. Ranked by Golf Digest as the country’s “#2 New Affordable Public Golf Course,” Rawls was designed to be easy to finish, but hard to shoot a low score. Built on a former cotton field, the course evokes the canyonlands east and north of Lubbock.

Prefer to take in a little art and architecture with a dash of college life? Tour Texas, one of MSNBC’s 2007 “Top 5 Prettiest Campuses in the United States.” Striking Spanish Renaissance architecture and a nationally ranked public art collection make a visit to Tech worthwhile. Stop by the Texas Tech Visitor Center and take a guided tour of campus or pick up a map and create your own route.

After a round of golf or a campus stroll, grab a casual lunch at a campus-area favorite. One Guy From Italy Pizza offers giant calzones as the house specialty, and Spanky’s menu has great burgers and, possibly, the world’s best-fried cheese.

A Li’l Bit Rock ‘n’ Roll

From the golf course or campus, it’s a quick trip to the Depot Entertainment District, named for the restored train depot housing the Buddy Holly Center. Get a dose of vintage rock ‘n’ roll, while you check out the story of Lubbock’s favorite son in the museum’s photographs and memorabilia. Just across the street is the intimate Cactus Theater, built in 1938 as a second-run movie theater. Today, it plays host to West Texas Music legends, such as Waylon Jennings and Patsy Cline, as well as a mix of country, ’50s-era rock, and other genres.

You’ll find plenty of food and drink options in the Depot Entertainment District. Try tapas and enjoy local wines at La Diosa, grab a beer and listen to live music at Triple J Chophouse and Brewery, or enjoy comfort food at the Ranch House Restaurant. Watch the sunset over the city at Skyviews, Texas Tech’s student-run restaurant.

Toast the Wide Open Spaces

Lubbock is part of the Texas High Plains appellation, the state’s largest, with more than 1,000 acres of vines. The high altitude and hot, dry summers provide a perfect climate for varietals like Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay. Award-winning wines are the norm for Lubbock area wineries, and a weekend visit is perfect for tours and tastings. For a truly picturesque setting, try the stone mission-style Cap Rock Winery, or sample one of the many national and international award-winning wines at the Llano Estacado Winery, the patriarch of today’s Texas wine movement.

At the end of your visit to Lubbock, with a bottle or two of wine packed away to take home, you’ll be prepared to offer a proper toast to one-hundred years of West Texas history.

About Lubbock

Lubbock, the county seat of Lubbock County, is the 12th largest city in the State of Texas and is also the hub of economic, educational, and health care activity in the contiguous region of South Plains. Historically, Lubbock County was created in the year 1876 and was named in the honor of Colonel Thomas Saltus Lubbock – a Confederate officer.

Lubbock is known for its musical heritage and celebrated ranching activities. The music of the land was immortalized by legendary singer Buddy Holly and the Buddy Holly Center in the city is a tribute to this great artiste and other West Texas musicians. The ranching history is well preserved at the National Ranching Heritage Center that is home to some of the original ancient ranch buildings of the region and precious artifacts from the past. Other must-visit places include the Depot Entertainment District, which is a perfect musical night out destination for everyone in the family.

An architectural beauty, the Texas Tech University brings to life stunning Spanish architecture and is a beautiful sight. Also, a visit to the Silent Wings Museum which was built to remember the World War II glider pilots and the equipment used has a wide-ranging display of invasion tools. Children and youth have a great trip at The Science Spectrum and the IMAX Dome theatre.

Additionally, the beautiful parks and the pleasant climate of the city make outdoor recreation fun and memorable.

Texas Seafood Markets & Shrimp Shacks

Shrimpers trawl Texas waters, harvesting shrimp that sell in humble, but highly esteemed roadside markets and stands. Find out some of our favorites.

Photo Courtesy of Geroge Schmidt Shrimp and seafood markets emit that unmistakable, nose-tingling scent of the sea and boast few picturesque qualities. They don’t have the shapely silhouettes of the lighthouses that attract tourists for photo ops. They lack the dreamy allure of sunset-watching destinations amid sea oats. Many just feature bare wood walls and decades-old ice chests dripping onto a cold, concrete floor. Yet tourists and locals still come, drawn by what’s inside—the promise of freshly caught, sweet and succulent shrimp.


At Galveston’s Samson & Sons Seafood, established in 1921, Milton Samson, III, runs his family’s namesake on Pier 19. “He’s very Galveston-ish, a true local,” says Milton’s nephew, 25-year-old George Schmidt. “He’s been to Europe, but he likes Galveston more than anyplace else.”

A retail-customer operation that hasn’t muddied its mission too much with wholesale or restaurant sales, Sampson & Sons opens its doors seven days a week and thrives on purveying fresh seafood of all kinds from local fishermen. “Some of these guys are in their 80s,” George says of the fish market’s suppliers.

Holding down the fort while his uncle gets breakfast tacos on a recent Saturday morning, George greets one local who’s driven in with the day’s catch. “Sometimes it’s easier for them to drive over than to get their boats in here for deliveries,” he says. Transaction completed, George goes on to explain that Milton buys shrimp from bay boats, which make a quick drag or two of bay waters and bring in their catches right way, and Gulf boats, which stay out in deeper waters for a couple of days, quick freezing shrimp in a saline solution and bringing back up to 75 or 80 pounds.

“They sell out of coolers,” Nick Guindon of neighboring Katie’s Seafood Market says about Samson and Son’s. He acknowledges his rival’s venerable status in town, despite its low-tech operations. “It’s the enemy,” he adds, laughing.

"Photo Katie’s Seafood, run by Nick’s step-dad, longtime fisherman Keith “Buddy” Guindon, and named for his mom, sells to retail customers as Samson does, but a big part of its business comes from restaurant sales and a wholesale business. This newer market, with a wide selection of fresh and imported fish, has had a formidable presence in Galveston since 1998. “We’re busiest on a sunny day in summertime,” Guindon says.

In truth, there’s plenty of business for shrimp and fish markets from Galveston all the way down to Port Isabel’s landmark B & A Seafood near South Padre Island.

Rockport, TX

Rockport local and gallery manager Pat Hopper names her favorite shrimp-shopping spot without having to mull it over. “Flowers Shrimp Market on the corner of King and South Church,” she says. “The family that owns it runs their boat out of the harbor here, and they have the freshest shrimp.” Operating from a tiny house, this small-scale market presents its wares in Igloo® coolers on the back porch. “It’s not fancy or anything like that, but it’s good,” Hopper says.

Another Rockport-area favorite, the bigger and more established Alby’s Seafood Market in nearby Fulton, makes a great backup, according to Hopper. Also family-operated, this market has served Rockport and Fulton since the early 1980s and draws many steady customers, as well.

Aransas Pass

In Aransas Pass, Corey’s Seafood sits opposite an HEB grocery store, which offers great seafood but lacks the character of a tried-and-true Texas fish market.

The slightly ramshackle Corey’s beckons customers with a cool, dim interior and a friendly staff offering samples of its delectable cocktail sauce to those who ask for a taste. A deft jab with a toothpick skewers a boiled shrimp that has simmered in Corey’s secret blend of spices. A quick plunge into a tub of Corey’s own cocktail sauce delivers the right amount of a tang with just enough horseradish to make the buyer sniffle—and rejoice. This triple whammy of fresh shrimp, spicy boil, and perfected sauce creates an explosion of flavor no highfalutin chef could emulate.  This taste sensation only comes from such places as this—simple and sublime.

Next thing the customers know, they’re walking out with more shrimp than they need and plastic tubs of Corey’s shrimp boil spice blend and cocktail sauce—the spoils of a wanderer of coastal roads who’s fallen prey to the lure of another shrimp shack.

Top 10 Richest Zip Codes In Texas 2020

The state of Texas is becoming more and more attractive to young professionals who want to enjoy the beautiful environment, the pleasant weather, and the company of fellow talented and promising professionals, and businesspeople. Maybe you fall into this category.

But before making the decision to move to Texas it is certainly a good idea to check through the areas in the state (divided into Zip Codes) so as to determine which parts of town are affluent, too broke, or just right for you, based on your income.

In this article, I listed the richest zip codes in Texas, so as to find out which ones are more expensive, and what areas you can conveniently afford to live in. without any further ado, let us get straight to business.

Top 10 Richest Zip Codes In Texas 2020

1. 75205 Dallas Texas 

  • Median Household Income $108,913
  • Average Rent: $2,791

Code 75205 is mainly for the Dallas – Fort Worth metro area of Texas, USA. Fort Worth is the fifth-largest city in Texas USA. The average rent is put at $2,791, and the population is estimated at 909,585. In 2013, Fort Worth-Arlington was ranked by Forbes as the 15th on the “Best Places for Business and Careers” list. Again in 2018, the Dallas-Fort Worth area was ranked 18th on U.S. News & World Report’s list of “125 Best Places to Live in the USA.”

The economy of the metropolis is boosted by private enterprise; so many big, thriving companies have been headquartered here over time. Some of them are American Airlines Group (and subsidiaries American Airlines and Envoy Air), GM Financial, the John Peter Smith Hospital, Wells Fargo, Pier 1 Imports, Chip 1 Exchange, RadioShack, Cash America International, Budget Host, the BNSF Railway, and Bell Textron. Fort Worth (75205) is the richest zip code in Texas, certainly a great place to live and build a career.

2. 75225  Dallas Texas

  • Median Household Income: $198,438
  • Average Rent: $2451

75225 is a remarkable Zip Code indeed. This is the Zip Code for the city of University Park, which is in Dallas, Texas. What makes this city area remarkable is that it is one of the wealthiest communities in the whole of America (with a median household income of $198,438) and the city still has a poverty rate of 4.2 percent. That is not all; the population is just about 23,068, and the city somehow has an Average Rent of $2,451. One can therefore describe Zip Code 75225 (University Park and Environs) as a bunch of rich people paying cheap rent.

3. 77005 Houston Texas 

  • Median Household Income: $159,732
  • Average Rent: $2033

Zip Code 77005 is for the Harris County area in Houston, Texas. For easy mail sorting, it can simply be referred to as Houston, Texas. Harris County has an estimated population of 4,092,459, making it a populous county in Texas and the third-most populous county in the whole of the United States.

The economy of Harris County is boosted by private enterprises, and a recent study revealed that the biggest employers in the Houston area were Administaff (now Insperity, Inc), Compaq (now HP), Continental Airlines (now United Airlines), as well as Memorial Hermann Healthcare System, and Southwestern Bell.

4. 75022 Flower Mound Texas 

  • Median Household Income: $145,938
  • Average Rent: $1831

The zip code 75022 is for Flower Mound, in Texas, USA. The area is one of the wealthiest areas in Texas, with a median family income of $145,938. Somehow, this is also one of the areas with the lowest rent; the average is $1831. The average home value is $333,700, which means that buying a house in this area is not cheap.

5. 78703 Austin Texas 

  • Median Household Income: $80,569
  • Average Rent: $2341

78703 is another Zip Code located in Travis County, in Austin Texas. With an Average Rent of $2341, this area, however, is a little more affordable than the previously highlighted side of town which has a significantly higher Average Rent.

Many of the residents in this area are government workers, with steady incomes, and job security. They are not very rich, but are comfortable; able to afford the good things in life.

6. 78701 Austin Texas  

  • Average Rent: $2,885
  • Median Household Income: $68,350

Zip Code 78701 is primarily located in Travis County, located in eastern Texas. The average rent for this area is $2,885, and this is no wonder because the area is a beautiful and bustling city indeed. Travis County has an estimated population of about 1,273,954, making it the fifth-most populous county and its code, the sixth richest zip code in Texas.

Travis County recently recorded a median household income of $68,350 per year, and also a per capita income of $38,820 per year. Of course, there are also a lot of high-income families in the area. The largest employers in the area are governments (the State of Texas, the US Federal Government, Travis County, and the City of Austin). Other major employers in the area are private firms involved in the production of semiconductors, software engineering products, and healthcare products.

7. 75201  Dallas Texas 

  • Median Household Income: $67,979
  • Average Rent: $2088

Zip code 75201 also falls into the Dallas Texas area. However, the area has a slightly cheaper average rent of $2088.  The 75201 Zip code is not so heavily populated; there are only about 9,409 people living in the area, and making a median family income of $67,979. If you would prefer to own your home, be advised that the average home value for the area is about $520,000.

8. 77006 Houston Texas  

  • The median income: $67,458
  • Average Rent: $1,997

The 77006 Zip Code is also domiciled in Houston Texas but has an average rent of $1,997 which is lower than the other areas highlighted above. The area has a population of about 19,664, and the average cost of buying a house in this area is $327,600. The median income of this area is $67,458 per home.

9. 77002 Houston Texas

  • The Median Income: $64, 093,
  • Average Rent: $1970

The Zip Code 77002 is also in the city of Houston Metropolitan Area. Here the Average rent is $1970. The median income per family is $64, 093, and the average cost of buying a house in the area is $208,600, and the area is not too densely populated; just a population of about 16,739 people. Most people living in the area are white, and there are quite a lot of single people living in this area.

10. 78702 Austin Texas 

  • Average Median Income: $36,197
  • Average Rent: $1932

The zip code 78702 is for the area of Austin and the tenth richest zip code in Texas. In this part of Texas, the average rent is $1932, and the average median income per home is $36,197. The average value of a house in this area is $188,000, and the population is just about 21,334.  Most people living in this area are between the ages of 20 and 40, and there are a number of singles in the area as well.


As you have seen, Texas is a very attractive place to live, particularly if you are a young and ambitious professional. We arrived at this list using several metrics so as to get balanced and more useful information. Overall, the home value in Texas is still low, compared to similar places in the United States, so you might want to put your money here, with the aim of benefiting from property appreciation.

Types Of Bass In Texas

If you are reading this article then you are probably a Texas fishing enthusiast. That means you are trying to find out more about the list and different types of Bass that are in the waters of Texas for fishing purposes.

What is Bass?

Bass is the broad name for a number of closely related fresh-water fish species that share a number of characteristics, including their voracious appetites. The black bass is no doubt the most popular freshwater gamefish in the world, this is attributed to their biting every bait insight- because of their voracious appetites, and the fact that they will give you a good to fight. Many anglers have enjoyed good times on fishing trips, and have the Bass to thank for it. No doubt you want to know more about the Bass. We will give you exactly that information. Let’s Go!

Types Of Bass In Texas 

Guadalupe Bass, Image Source: Texas Parks and Wild Life
  • 1. Guadalupe Bass

The Guadalupe Bass  ( also known as Micropterus treculii) is a type of Bass which is well known to fishing enthusiasts in Texas for its appetite. The Guadalupe Bass was first described in 1874, as a unique subspecies. There are a few unique characteristics to this type of fish: The fish’s upper jaw does not reach the past middle of the eye. It has spiny and soft-rayed dorsal fins which are joined with shallow notches between them. Also, the fish have a tooth patch on the tongue. The fish also has scales on the bases of soft dorsal and anal fins.

How to Identify it: It has Dark lateral stripes that often have 10 to 12 bars. The Dorsal fins usually have 10 spines, and the anal fin has 3 spines. The fish has between 55 to 71 lateral line scales.

Largemouth Bass
  • 2. Largemouth Bass

The Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides), is a kind of Bass, more specifically a kind of Black Bass that first got attention as a unique Bass subspecies in the year 1802. It is present in most of the freshwaters of Texas and is quite popular among fishing enthusiasts. There are a few characteristics by which this type of fish can be identified. The fish’s upper jaw extends past the eye, it has spiny and soft-rayed dorsal fins which are joined with a deep notch between them, there is a presence of Dark mid-lateral stripes or blotches from the tip of snout to the caudal fin.

How to Recognize it: It has dorsal fins with 9 spines, as well as anal fins which have  3 spines. This particular type of bass has between  59 to 72 lateral line scales.

Smallmouth Bass
  • 3. Smallmouth Bass

Next to swim into our list of bass in Texas is the Smallmouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieu). The smallmouth Bass is a member of the Black Bass family and a well-known native of Texas waters. This type of Bass was first described in the year 1802 and even has two classified subspecies, making it a small family on its own.

How can you Identify it? It has Upper jaws that do not reach past the eye. This type of bass also has 3 dark bars on each cheek. There are also spiny and soft-rayed dorsal fins which are joined with shallow notches between them. Furthermore, the Bases of their dorsal and anal fins have small scales. The fish have about 8 to 16 vertical lateral bars, have Dorsal fin which has 9 to 10 spines on them, and anal fins with 3 spines. They generally have between 67 to 81 lateral line scales.

Spotted Bass
  • 4. Spotted Bass

Next on our list is the (Micropterus punctulatus), more commonly known as the Spotted Bass. This type of fish was First described as a unique subspecies in 1819. It is a common inhabitant of Texas waters and well known to fishing enthusiasts throughout the state.

  How to Identify It? The spotted bass has Upper jaws that do not reach the past middle of the pupil. Note its jaws reach the eyes, but do not go past the pupil. It has Spiny and soft-rayed dorsal fins that are joined together by shallow notches between them. Furthermore, the base of its dorsal and anal fins have small scales. The fish’s Lateral body has many dark patches that touch its dorsal fin. Its lower lateral scales come together to produce dark, horizontal rows or stripes. Its Dorsal fins generally have 10 spines and its anal fins have 3 spines. This type of fish usually have about 55 to 71 lateral line scales

Conclusion: The Bass is One Family

There are actually 9 recognized species of bass which include the Alabama bass, Florida bass, Guadalupe bass, Largemouth Bass, Redeye Bass, Shoal bass, as well as the Smallmouth bass, Spotted bass, and Suwannee bass.  Of the 9 listed above, there are only 4 that are native to the state of Texas, and those types have been properly highlighted in this article.

All types of Bass are actually one family because they look very much alike to the simple eye. Their bodies are generally elongated, they have a larger mouth size, their bodies are covered with overlapping scales, and the fish are carnivorous. To the untrained eye, the Bass bears a huge resemblance to such fish as the Tilapia, although the bass is a lot bigger, heavier and stronger. As you have seen in the article, types of Bass are only differentiated by small and largely inconsequential factors, some of which we will recap below.

  •  Basses  have different upper jaw length and position compared to the eye
  •  Basses are differentiated by the size and location of lateral stripes and/or blotches that they have.
  •  They have small differences in the number of spines on their dorsal and anal fins.
  • They can also be separated based on the number of scales on the lateral line

To the fishing enthusiasts, there should be no difference as to the particular type of Bass in the water as all the types of  Bass that we have highlighted above share similar attributes which is an insatiable appetite. Therefore, you do not have to worry. Just get your bait and throw it into the water. As long as there is bass in the water they are quite sure to respond to the bait.

Please take note of all safety precautions while going fishing. If you are going fishing on a boat, please use a life-jacket- especially if you do not know how to swim. Furthermore, ensure that it is safe to be in or around the water. Contact the relevant authorities to ensure that the water is safe from any kind of animal predator, this is especially true if you are going with a child.

After putting the work and bringing home the catch, it will be good to note that Bass do well in the kitchen as well, they are fish of good taste and there are a number of delicacies that feature the bass as main courses.

Types Of Cedar Trees In Texas

Get to know the types of Cedar trees in Texas.

Cedar is the general name for cedar wood, which is used to describe several different but related tree species that grow in different parts of the world. Cedar are generally upright trees with leaves that are evergreen in nature. These trees or types of trees have a similar form and use, but their growing conditions vary and so do the environments in which they are found.  Cedar (Cedrus), also called “true” cedar, is a coniferous genus and species, and so for a type of tree to be called a cedar tree, it must be coniferous. (conifers are a group of trees and shrubs that mostly have needle-shaped leaves, and which produce seeds. Their timber is mostly of high quality.)

In this article, we will be sticking strictly to the types of Cedar that you will likely find within the state of Texas. Remember that Texas is a paradise for nature, a place that is uniquely situated and which is blessed with a climate that promotes the growth and proliferation of all types of life forms. when it comes to coniferous trees, Cedar, in particular, Texas does not disappoint.

Types Of Cedar Trees In Texas 

Oakbark Cedar
  • Oakbark Cedar

Oakbark cedar (Juniperus deppeana) which is also known as the alligator juniper, is most well known for its defining feature which is the thick barks of the older trees that sometimes resemble alligator scales.  The bark is very thick, and offers guaranteed protection from inclement weather, as well as giving protection from insect pests that can hinder the growth of the tree. The oakbark cedar has dark blue-green leaves that are shaped and pointed like needles. The tree produces berry-shaped cones. The cedar can grow in just about any soil type, can tolerate high temperatures, and can grow well with very little water. The oakbark cedar can normally be found in west Texas where it is dry,  and where desert temperatures can range from extremely hot to severely cold.

Mountain Red Cedar
  • Mountain Red Cedar

The mountain red cedar (Juniperus scopulorum) which is also known as Rocky Mountain juniper is a type of cedar tree that grows naturally in some of the lower altitudes of the Texas panhandle and also in the higher mountain parts of western Texas. The mountain red cedar is an aggressive kind of tree and can grow as high as 50 feet and also as wide as 30 feet. The cedar is sometimes planted by farmers on farms to make windbreakers for their grazing fields and this type of tree has also been tremendously useful in landscaping, as landscapers usually use it to make privacy fencing for their clients.

Drooping Cedar
  • Drooping Cedar

The native drooping cedar (Juniperus flaccid) which is also called the weeping juniper or drooping juniper is most recognizable because of its branches and leaves that bend and droop downward, in a similar fashion to the weeping willow. This tree has big but narrow and needle-shaped leaves, and a characteristically upright growth pattern.  Although native to Texas, the drooping cedar only naturally grows in the upper Chisos Mountains which is in the area of the Big Bend National Park. The drooping cedar can grow to be very tall, and it can also be very wide as well. The tree has been known to reach almost 55 feet wide and there are plenty of specimens in excess of 55 feet tall. Although this tree is highly adaptable to temperature fluctuations and is highly resistant to prolonged drought, the drooping cedar requires continually acidic soil. That is why it is only naturally found in the upper parts of the Chisos Mountains where the soil is naturally acidic, and where the soil is naturally good for it. Other parts of Texas do not have this type of soil, and so the tree is not found naturally in Texas.

Red Cedar
  • Red Cedar

The Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) which is known as red cedar, eastern red cedar, Virginian juniper, also known as eastern juniper, red juniper, pencil cedar, and also aromatic cedar, is a species of juniper which is native to eastern North America. This tree has a natural habitat that stretches from southeastern Canada and goes into the Gulf of Mexico as well as east of the Great Plains. This tree can also be found in many parts of Texas, in the natural environment, as well as on private property where it is planted to beautify the landscape, to provide shade, or sometimes to act as a windbreaker. The tree is known because it has aromatic qualities. The tree ‘s bark and leaves give off a pleasant scent, particularly when squeezed or burnt over a fire. It is said that native American tribes cherish these trees for some healing qualities for which it is known. It is said that the bark and leaves of this tree are useful for curing some ailments.

Rock Cedar
  • Rock Cedar

Rock cedar (Juniperus ashei) which is also called the mountain cedar, post cedar, break cedar, Texas cedar, ashe juniper, Mexican juniper and sometimes even sabino is a tree that is well known for the allergy-inducing pollen which it produces. Years of evolutionary development has given this tree an edge over other trees in the forest- it can absorb groundwater invasively to the detriment of other native plants and trees! Yes, this tree is so greedy that it literally gobbles up as much of the water as it possibly can, thus basically starving other trees of this vital resource. The Rock Cedar is literally the apex tree in the forest, and other trees must maintain a distance if they are going to survive. This attribute has not gone unnoticed- man in his meddlesome nature has been making attempts to dabble into or even control the natural world: They have done in the form of Organizations like People Against Cedars, who have petitioned the state of Texas to prevent strong species of cedar from monopolizing the environment. Rock cedars, as we have mentioned in the introduction are evergreens and can reach heights of more than 38 feet and widths of up to 30 feet.

Types of Deer In Texas

List of the types of deer In Texas and what you need to know about them.

Deer are the hoofed ruminant mammals that live mainly in the wild. Deer are iconic animals that are popular for their red, tasty meat. There are different types of deer including the reindeer, the roe deer, and the moose. Deer are an important part of the folklore of many western cultures- most importantly, they are the animals that draw Santa Claus’ sleigh.

In the state of Texas, there are two species of deer that are native to the state’s vast and varied countryside: the two types are the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and the mule deer (O. heminous). The State of Texas has one of the largest populations of whitetails in the country: close to four million. In addition to the two native types of deer that are native to Texas, and which can usually be easily differentiated based on their physical appearance, there are several other species of deer that have been introduced into the state of Texas for hunting purposes.

In this article, we will learn more about the types of deer in Texas, as well as what makes them unique. Let’s get started!

Types of Deer In Texas 

Whitetail Deer
  • 1. Whitetail Deer

White-tailed deer is the largest (by numbers) family of deer, as well as the most widely distributed and also the most ancient deer in the whole of North America, they get their common name from the white underside of their tails, which they prominently flash when alarmed, both as a show of aggressiveness, and as a warning to others in the herd- telling them of the danger. While there is a lot of work to be done in arranging the species in a biological group, four subspecies are historically described in Texas.

The Texas deer whitetail (O. v. texanus) which has the broadest range or territory, and is found across most of the central and western portions of the state of Texas.

The Kansas whitetail (O. v. macrourus), this type of deer is usually found in the of North America’s Osage Plains and ranges into northeastern Texas as part of its foraging territory.

Carmen Mountains whitetail (O. v. carminis) is a type of whitetail that is only found in the Sierra del Carmen and other scattered desert mountain ranges in the Texas-Coahuila borderlands. They are fewer in population and restricted in range.

The Avery Island whitetail (O. c. mcilhennyi) is another smaller group of whitetails that lives on the Gulf Coast of southeastern Texas, and whose territory extends into adjoining Louisiana.

Let us not forget to mention that the White-tailed deer is also the smallest member of the North American deer family and that their habitat ranges from southern Canada to South America. In summer-time when the weather is hot they typically inhabit fields and meadows where they use trees with broad-leaves for shade. During the winter they have no choice but to keep to the forests, where there are thicker trees with more shade that can provide shelter from the harsh weather.

That is that about the White-tailed deer, let us now look at the other type of deer that calls Texas it’s home. We are talking about the Mule deer.

Mule Deer
  • 2. Mule Deer

The mule deer gets its name from the big ears it has- the ears resemble that of a mule (donkey). The Mule deer do not have a white underside to their tails, but rather have a black tip. They also have an interesting feature: the males have antlers that prop out of the base as one, and then branch out. We will talk about this later in the post.

The Rocky Mountain mule deer (O. h. hemionus): This is the biggest and also the most widespread of all mule deer types, it inhabits the Texas Panhandle, and is quite possibly a hybrid coming out from the desert mule deer.

Mule deer have two subspecies that claim Texas as their native range. The desert mule deer (O. h. eremicus) which is mainly found in the Southwest of Texas, and which spreads into northern Mexico.

According to Texas Parks & Wildlife, the state of Texas has somewhere between 150,000 and 250,000 mule deer.
That is basic information about Mule deer. Let us now compare the two types of deer.

Mule Deer Vs Whitetail Deer (Comparison)

The ears of mule deer are noticeably much larger than those of white-tailed deer. On the other hand, the white-tailed deer’s tail is bigger and longer-haired than that of the mule deer. The tail of the mule deer is small and black-tipped. Furthermore, the antlers of mule deer bucks (males are called bucks) generally fork, while whitetail antler tines grow from the main beam; this is not a reliable means of identification- we must mention.

When alarmed, Whitetails flee by dashing and plunging, while mule deer are usually said to “stot” — that is, they jump stiff-legged with all four hooves hitting the ground simultaneously at the same time. As far as ecology is concerned Texas whitetails favor heavy woods, thickets, and dense brush, while mule deer more commonly range in open country where there is plenty of sunlight and grass to eat. These choices in habitat are more openly seen where the two deer share territory: On the High Plains of the Texas Panhandle, for example, you can often find mule deer foraging on the open grasslands, while whitetails will generally stick to the thick bushes adjoining the forests. Where shrubs and trees are more prevalent than open grasslands, you will typically find more whitetails, rather than mule deer.

Exotic Types of Deer In Texas

The Whitetail and Mule Deers are not the only types of deer that you will find within the borders of Texas. Several types of deer now reside in Texas, many of them initially imported to private ranches for game hunting purposes, and have now established themselves to varying degrees as free-roaming deer populations. Although it will take some time for them to become as many as the two major types of deer that we have discussed, they are already now important members of the Texas wild ecosystem. Let us talk about them now:

Axis Deer – Chittal
  • 3. Axis Deer (Chital)

There are about 6,000 feral axis deer (Axis axis) which is a spotted species that was imported from South Asia, as well as other exotics which include the fallow deer (Dama dama), which is a small deer species that comes from Europe, and also the sika deer, which is another small native to East Asia. So what impact do these exotic types of deer have on the ecosystem?

These invasive species have impacted the ecology because they compete with native deer for the available resources. a major reference is a white-tailed deer because the axis deer has a similar preference for open grasslands and so competes with the white-tailed deer for this environment and the resources therein.

Furthermore, the exotic species of deer may encourage the proliferation of predators such as coyotes, wolves and mountain lions. This is because they provide abundant food sources that could encourage predators to breed and multiply. This could have untold consequences to the ecosystem because the predators could then turn around to wreak havoc on the populations of the native deer species.

Lastly, the exotic deer species could have an impact on native deer species through interbreeding. Much has to be done to learn about this because there is a limit to our understanding of what circumstances could encourage the species to interbreed, and what consequences that could have for the ecosystem.

That’s all on the types of deer in Texas and interesting details you need to know about them.

Types of Ants in Texas

What you need to know about the types of ants in Texas. Ant, though small in size is quite a big deal. Let us now proceed to learn about them, particularly about those in Texas. We start with a proper definition-

What are Ants?

Ants are social insects that live and work together in large groups. They range in size from a pin-head to a thumbnail. Ants are most easily identifiable by their physical appearance: all ants have three distinct body parts as their defining feature: a head, thorax, and abdomen- the three parts are clearly marked for separation. And their heads are all equipped with a pair of bent antennae which serve as a sense of touch and to detect changes in the temperature.

A group of ants living together is called a colony. Within an ant colony, there are three different castes: workers, soldiers, and reproductive ones (king and queen). Only the reproductive members of the ant colony have wings- they are usually bigger than other ants in the colony as well. Ants vary in color and size depending on their specific species, and that color and size is usually a means to identify the species. You may have come across ants that are yellow, red, brown, or black in color, or sometimes you may find ants that are a combination of several different colors.

Types of Ants in Texas

  • The Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants are the largest types of ants that you can find strolling around your house in Texas. They are described as an invasive species that have taken over the scene in Texas. The ants are big in size, the queens can grow up to an inch in length. Naturally, when nesting outdoors, carpenter ants often build their nests in dark, damp areas underneath fall trees, tree stumps, or under piles of wood. If for some reason the decision to settle down in a house they, build their nests inside the wood: maybe the structural wood, pillars, or doorposts of homes.

Carpenter Ants

Identification, What they look like: Carpenter ants have big heads and abdomens that seem disproportionate to their bodies. They are brown in color and may have dark-colored abdomens. These are big ants and can measure from your small fingernail to your thumbnail. That is 0.64 to 2.5cm.

  • Crazy Ants

Crazy ants are so named because they move about in a frantic and disorganized manner. They appear to have no direction in the movement, and as soon as they feel threatened they run about in a much more frantic manner.

Rasberry Crazy Ants

Identification, What they look like: Crazy ants are brown colored and resemble Carpenter Ants except that they are a little smaller, and generally lack the dark-colored abdomen of the carpenter ants.

  • Odorous House Ants

Odorous House Ants are black ants that can range in size from half the nail of your little finger to the full length of the nail of your little finger. They emit a very unpleasant, rotten coconut odor when threatened or crushed. They also have a painful sting and are quite aggressive.

Odorous House Ants

Identification, What they look like: Odorous house ants can be dark brown or black in color and are less than 3 millimeters or 1/8 inches in length. They will generally fit into your small finger-nail. They are quite agile, have small heads, and are most easily recognizable by there most distinctive feature: their smell (rotten coconut smell when crushed).

  • Fire Ants

Fire ants are an aggressive species of ants and will attack perceived threats aggressively and in large numbers. Fire ants prefer to build their nests in open, sunny areas and generally tend to avoid building nests in wooded areas or where there is a lot of shade. This keeps them out of the way of carpenter ants. However, Fire ants are highly aggressive and are known to deliver a powerful sting that can be extremely painful to both people and pets. Their stings are so bad that they are known to have caused anaphylaxis, which requires immediate medical attention.

Fire Ants

Identification, What they look like: These are dark reddish-brown ants, are slightly smaller in size than carpenter ants.

  • Little Black Ants

Little Black Ants are a tiny kind of ants that pose no harm to people. They are found in the natural environment in barks of living trees, or in hollow stumps of fallen trees, or in rock crevices or whichever suitable spot, where they are safe from flooding. They are known to abandon unsuitable nests, carrying eggs and nymphs in a migratory manner. when they enter a home they will usually be found in the kitchen or wherever the trash can is kept.

Little Black Ants

Identification, What they look like: Little black ants are not so little; they are at least about 2mm in length. They are black, as the name implies.

  • Pavement Ants

Pavement Ants get their names from the area where they choose to nest or build their colonies- pavements. These ants prefer nesting spots in the cracks and crevices that can be found in or around pavements, sidewalks, foundations, and also concrete slabs. They are not classified as a dangerous type of ants.

Pavement Ants

Identification, What they look like: Pavement ants are dark brown ants that just as small as little black ants. The major defining difference is that they are brownish in color.

  • Argentine Ants 

Argentine ants another type of ants that are not classified as dangerous and that pose no significant risks to people or pets even when they nest in a home. However, they do have the potential to enter homes in large numbers, and when they do, they can contaminate food items and introduce bacteria into the home.

Argentine Ants

Identification, What they look like: Argentine ants are reddish-brown ants that typically have a length of around 3mm. They characteristically move in numbers. They are typically slow-moving until they feel threatened.

Are Ants Dangerous?

Regardless of what you have seen in Apocalyptic sci-fi movies, ants are not likely to invade your house at night and kill your entire family. However, ants still have the potential to be dangerous in many different ways, and that depends on the species. Some species like Carpenter Ants can be destructive to property, they can eat through all the wood with which a house is built. Other types of ants can introduce diseases and bacteria into a home, and others can sting, and that sting can cause physical harm to people and pets.

Why do I have Ants in my House?

Ants usually prefer to nest outdoors in the natural environment. They are particularly attracted to homes that offer them convenient places to nest, along with a constant supply of food and water. Once an ant colony has decided that your house is a convenient place to nest, it is only a matter of time before they find their way into your home. To make it short, ants come into your home because they need food.

But they should get food in the natural environment, you say. Well, you are not wrong, but sometimes ants are forced into a home, while at other times they are invited. This is what we mean: Ants will sometimes enter people’s homes when the weather is too harsh for them to live outdoors comfortably. Periods of heavy rain can flood their nests or make it impossible for them to forage for food. Drought can also make it hard for them to find food and water or can make the weather scorching hot. When the weather is too hot or too cold, that can also drive ants indoors. They can also be invited when the house has lots of food lying around. When the trash can is not properly covered, or when the dining table is not properly wiped down after a meal, or when the kitchen is not thoroughly vacuumed. All these can invite ants to find food in the house. Other things that can attract ants to a house include gardens, clogged gutters, compost piles, and pet food.

How do Ants Get in?

Ants are usually known to enter homes through cracks and crevices found in the foundation, or openings in or around windows, doors, and utilities they encounter such as the air-conditioner. If you have any of these things on your house or have any damages in the exterior of your home, you may be more at risk for an ant infestation, or ants may already be in your house.

What do you Need to Do?

Repair any damages in your house exterior, such as the windows, doors. Coat or cover up any cracks or crevices in the building, both on the outside and on the inside.

Furthermore, ensure that your trash can has a tight-fitting lid.

Make sure that you wipe down your dining table, and that you vacuum your house regularly. Pay particular attention to the dining room and kitchen areas.

Types of Arrowheads Found in Texas

Arrowheads have played an important role in the survival of the human species. In the years before civilization, and all its associated ills arrows put food on the table and kept away marauding animals and people. Not only did arrows ensure the survival of families and tribes, but arrows also made nations into empires. It is, therefore, reasonable to say that arrows were as important then as automatic riffles are today. In this article, we want to focus on Texas and the types of arrows that were left there by generations gone by.

The Apache and Comanche tribes (or nations) are the most well-known Native American tribes that inhabited Texas, but dozens of other tribes lived all over the region at different times, sometimes simultaneously, until the mid-1800s. They left behind thousands of arrowheads, which can still be found with a little effort, and which give priceless insights into the lives and times of our predecessors in what is now Texas. You can find these arrowheads in Dry creek-beds, riverbanks, and freshly plowed planting fields in rural areas. Heavy rains can dislodge formerly buried arrowheads, so the odds of success can greatly improve after a big downpour.  Let us examine some of them.

 Types of Arrowheads in Texas (By Shape)

  • Articulate

this type of arrowheads is roughly shaped like small fish. There is a sharp point that gradually extends evenly on two sides and then widens rapidly before contrasting again to make a dent. Apparently the whole arrowhead was designed to pierce the flesh of the victim and then stick to it in a manner that made pulling it out especially painful, and quite frequently lethal. Many of these arrowheads that have been found were made of cut stone.

  • Basal-notched

These types of arrowheads are basically identified by the notches at the bottom. They are mostly shaped as regular triangles with the notches in the bottom likely serving to hold the arrowheads fast to the arrows. They can vary in color but are mostly made of stone.

  • Contracting stem

This is another interesting piece of ancient craftsmanship. The arrow-heads are basically triangular-shaped, with long projecting stems that gradually contract, or reduce downwards, giving the effect of another triangle on the opposite end. As a matter of fact, some arrow-head enthusiasts have described this as two triangled arrowheads; one large triangle on top, and a smaller triangle at base.

Types of Arrowheads in Texas
Types of Arrowheads in Texas
  • Corner-notched

This type of arrowheads are simple triangles at the top, but have notches on the bottom corners, to differentiate between them and other types of arrowheads. They are quite similar in appearance to the articulate type of arrow-heads.

  • Lanceolate

This is a more direct type of arrow-head; there is little effort to make an elaborate item that will become an interesting artifact for future generations to wow over. This type of arrow-head is thin, long, and has no dents or notches of any kind. They do not even have any depressions with which to fasten the arrow-heads to their arrows.

  • Leaf Type

The leaf type of arrow-heads is wide in middle, but quite narrow at both the top and bottom ends. Due to its shape, one can expect that it would require some extra force to get the arrow to pierce the flesh of the victim or target such that sticks to the body.

  • Side notched

Side notched arrow-heads are a type of arrow-heads that start like they would be triangular in shape but have dents or notches at the sides, thus making them resemble two equal triangles with the notches joining them.

  • Expanding stem

These types of arrow-heads are unique because they are the opposite of what we have seen so far. Usually the bottom base of arrow-heads contract or reduce in size as they progress downward, but in this case, the arrow-heads actually expand downwards.

  • Stemmed Types

Stemmed type of arrow-heads are arrowheads that basically look like  Christmas trees. There is a tip, which progresses into a kind of elongated triangle, and which then ends with a straight trunk. There are no notches, and the arrow-heads just fast to the arrows at the trunk.

  • Triangle Type

This type of arrow-heads is quite simple in design. It is basically just a triangle with a sharp point. There are no notches, grooves or any other designs.

No doubt in the times past, arrow-heads offered clues as to the tribes that attacked or invaded other tribes. It seems reasonable to say that native Americans could identify each other by the shapes of arrow-heads they had in the possession at the time.

That is all about the types of arrow-heads you can find in Texas. But if you are a new enthusiast of arrow-heads then there a few things that you should know that will help you as you begin to unearth these wonderful pieces of our history.

What will you need to properly identify arrowheads?

You will need a magnifying glass to spot notches, concave areas or other distinguishing characteristics. of individual types of arrow-heads. The various notches, grooves, indentations, and protrusions offer clues about the surprising techniques which were developed by Native Americans to fabricate the arrowheads.

Take special note the color and texture of the stone with which the arrow-head is made. Most Texas arrowheads are made from flint, which is a type of stone that can vary in color from dark brown to gray. Some are even partly transparent.

You will need life-sized photos of the various types of arrow-heads that you can find in Texas so that you can compare them against the particular arrow-heads that you have found. If the photos or diagrams are the property of a school or college then you can ask for a copy or take pictures of your own arrow-heads, or even take your actual arrow-heads there for analysis. When taking photos of your arrow-heads take multiple close-up photos against a contrasting background -that is a background of a different or opposing color.


Please take note that It is illegal to collect arrowheads on public lands, including Texas state parks and national parks. If you chance upon arrow-heads on private land,  Landowner permission is required to collect them there because arrow-heads are considered archaeological pieces of value.

And now for some interesting trivia:

  • Who were the first people to develop the bow and arrow? was it the –native Americans of Texas? Let’s find out below.

The History and Development of Archery

Paleontologists generally agree that the invention of bows and arrows in the Paleolithic period, which is about 71,000 years ago. This date is based on archaeological evidence of arrowheads and cave paintings.  They show that prehistoric men used bows and arrows to hunt. Originally, bows and arrows were tools developed in hunter-gatherer societies for the provision of food. But arrowheads assumed importance in another way thousands of years later when men began to fight among themselves for resources or for tribal superiority, eventually utilizing these tools as weapons of war. The invention of the bow and arrow added the element of surprise to hunting. Whereas other weapons, like spears or blades, could be very lethal, the bow and arrow allowed prehistoric hunters to kill prey from a distance, sometimes without even arousing the prey.

So as you can see, the Native Americans are down an ancient timeline of users of the bow and arrow, their arrow-heads give us a hint into a much deeper time tunnel, stretching far into prehistoric periods.

Axis Deer In Texas & What You Need To Know

Get to know more about Axis deer in Texas.

This article is about something that some people have called an invasive species, but which in truth is just another animal that has found a home in the all welcoming paradise for all species that is the state of Texas. We are talking about non-other than the axis deer.

As we have severally mentioned on preceding articles in this series, the state of Texas is blessed with a unique geographical position, a favorable topographical makeup, as well as a comparatively mild climate that makes it a haven for all types of life forms. As a matter of fact, Texas has one of the most diverse and most important ecosystems in North America.

Now, let us look at the Axis deer in Texas, and what we can learn about them.

Axis Deer In Texas & What You  Need To Know

How Can You Identify Axis Deer? Their spots! Axis deer have white spots on their brown coats, and this is their most marked feature which sets them apart from the other types of deer in Texas. The males also have long and broad antlers- a major unifying characteristic of deer.

As we have mentioned earlier in a preceding article on a similar subject, the Axis deer is an exotic species of deer in Texas. The native species of deer in Texas being the White-Tailed {including the The Texas deer whitetail (O. v. texanus), The Kansas whitetail (O. v. macrourus), Carmen Mountains whitetail (O. v. carminis), The Avery Island whitetail (O. c. mcilhennyi)} and Mule deers {The Rocky Mountain mule deer (O. h. hemionus, The desert mule deer (O. h. eremicus}.

As you already know, this article will concentrate on the Axis deer, which migrates into the United States, coming all the way from South Asia from whence it was imported to provide game for people who like to kill things for sport- hunters. This species has since thrived in Texas, becoming an important member of the ecosystem and food chain.

Axis Deer – Chittal

Let Us Learn More About the Axis Deer

This axis deer (also called chital), is recognized by its white spots which it has on its reddish coat. Apart from that, the abdomen, throat, inside of legs, ears, and tail are also white, and then, in contrast, there is a  black stripe running along its backbone.

Axis deer are originally from India and Sri Lanka and therefore, they are a species that is nonnative to the Texas, or the U.S.  Axis deer are beautiful deer with characteristically long antlers. When you ask most hunters who encounter them in the wild about the axis deer, they have much praise to give to the Axis deer. Some of them can go on about how beautiful they are, how great the meat tastes and they also say that the males are fierce, and will put up a fight when cornered.

Axis Deer Antlers: The antlers of the axis deer characteristically sweep backward and with an upward curve and have three tines (or branches) that grow off one long main beam, we generally make mention of three branches, although a 4th tine isn’t uncommon. An interesting fact is that axis bucks (remember that the males are called bucks) can be in hard horn any time of the year. They grow and shed antlers on their own clock. What this means is that every individual buck follows its own particular time table as regards the business of its horns. That is why we can see that in one herd there may be a new shed buck, a hard-horn buck and even a buck in the velvet. The all-time record for axis deer antlers is  41 inches, and the specimen was found in India!

Want to know how far the axis deer have come?

The Axis deer has firmly established itself in Texas. As a matter of fact, the axis deer is the most common exotic deer in the whole of Texas. It is reported that there are about 40,000 axis deer confined on 463 ranches in 92 counties. Apart from those in confinement, there are over 6,000 free-ranging axis deer in Texas.

It is also worthy to mention that there are also free-ranging populations of axis deer in Hawaii. Estimates put the figures at  30,000-50,000 axis deer currently living on the island of Molokaʻi, another 10,000-15,000 axis deer on Lanaʻi and then again another 30,000-50,000 axis deer on the island of Maui. These deer are booming in numbers, and there is significant growth expected over the next couple of decades. These are impressive figures for ”introduced species.” Some have even begun to question how a so-called introduced species has to boast so many numbers, perhaps even bigger than some native species, and what that tells us about what w do not know about the ecosystem. Can a species thrive and populate more outside its natural environment? Or did the axis deer once roam freely over the fields and valleys of what is now Texas? Time will tell.

But Here is What We do Know About the Axis Deer Texas

History of the Axis Deer in Texas: The most common story you hear is that axis deer were brought to Texas in 1932. Yes, that is true. But for the purpose of clarity let us mention that it was not the first coming of Axis deer in America. In the 1860s, a small number of axis deer were introduced to the island of Molokaʻi, in the state of Hawaii. They were then introduced to Lanaʻi island and then Maui in the 1950s. In the Hawaiian islands, Axis deer have no natural predators in, and as a result, their population is growing at 20-30% each year.

Quality of Meat: People say axis deer is the best venison you will ever have the privilege to eat . The meat is tender with a mild flavor, and has been said to have less than 1% fat. That means that the axis deer meat is technically fat-free. This has prompted The Exotic Wildlife Association to vote it as the best tasting game meat. Even today, the axis deer is at the forefront of deer domestication and ranching, as more and more ranchers are going into deer, because of their hardiness, and quality of their meat.

List Of Exotic Pets Legal To Own In Texas

People like to keep pets. That explains it in the simplest terms. We like to have animals around to play with, and give us some interaction. This has been the practice as far back as history goes, and people have always loved to share their living spaces with animals of different kinds, so there is no need to wonder why we are interested in the list of exotic pets legal to own in Texas.

But it seems that somewhere along with the line people got tired of keeping parrots, dogs, and cats, and started to turn their attention to more exotic -more uncommon-animals that stood out, showed their status, and attracted attention to them.

However, when a thing becomes popular it tends to go overboard. Obviously, if laws are not put in place, every household will have a pet tiger, and people will continue to purchase endangered species on a regular basis from legal and illegal sources. To prevent this, there are a few regulations stipulating some exotic animals that can be owned as pets in Texas. This article highlights some of them. Read below to find out some of the exotic animals you can own in Texas.

List Of Exotic Pets Legal To Own In Texas

  • Lemur

    • Natural habitat: Madagascar
    • Size: Lemurs can range from 1.1 oz to 20 lbs depending on the species.
    • Diet: They mainly eat plant material, including leaves and fruit.
    • Lifespan: Some can live from 15 to 20 years, while Larger species can live over 30 years.

When you mention the Lemur people immediately imagine the Ring-tailed Lemur which is the most common species of this animal, which was made famous by the film Madagascar.  These animals actually do quite well in captivity. In zoos, they are reported to be one of the easiest mammals to handle, they socialize well, interact with humans, and are not feisty. The later is an important factor,  considering the fact that they possess biting capabilities. Still, all primates are considered demanding pets and are therefore not suitable for people who are not willing to devote the needed time and attention.  All lemurs are considered endangered species. Because of this, they cannot be sold across state lines.

List Of Exotic Pets Legal To Own In Texas
  • Sloth

    • Natural habitat: South and Central America.
    • Size: Sloths range in size from 7.9 to 17 lbs, depending on the particular species.
    • Diet: Sloths eat mostly leaves, but they also eat fruit and insects.
    • Lifespan: Sloths usually live for about 20 years in the wild, they are recorded to have lived for up to 30 years in captivity.

Sloths are quite popular animals in Texas, as are their cousins the tamanduas.  Sloths are known to be extremely sensitive to stress (meaning you should leave them alone) and they also require stringent attention to their environment. A little dirtiness could result in a big sickness.   Luckily, they are not readily available, and when you can find them, the pricing for babies usually starts around $6000.

  • Kinkajou

    • Natural habitat: Kinkajous can be found in the Americas, stretching from Sierra Madres in Mexico southeastern Brazil.
    • Diet: Kinkajous mostly eats fruit, figs in particular.
    • Size: these small animals range between 16-24 inches in length, and usually weigh between 3-10 pounds.
    • Lifespan: They live for up to 23 years in captivity.

They look like monkeys but are more closely related to raccoons. The most remarkable feature of these animals is their long tongue with which they can reach for sweets and fruits. In the natural world, the kinkajou is a nocturnal animal. Perhaps that contributes to this animal’s reputation for having aggressive tendencies that are unpredictable. Therefore, a large space is needed for them to play around in, especially when they are not feeling particularly friendly. However, they are said to be quite friendly with their owners.

  • Capybara

    • Natural habitat: Forests of South America, typically near water.
    • Size: Capybaras are quite big: they can range between 3.48-4.40 feet in length, and measure 20-24 inches in height from their feet to their heads. They can weigh between 77 to 146 pounds in weight.
    • Diet: They mainly eat grass, and have a fondness for aquatic plants.
    • Lifespan: Capybaras can live for between 8-10 years in captivity.

The capybara is a giant rodent- the biggest in the family that includes rats, guinea pigs, and grasscutters of Africa. They have webbed feet, further proving that adaptation for water. These dog-sized animals love to swim and need a deep and wide water source to satisfy this need. Capybaras love their owners, and well-socialized individuals can let their owners show them off,  even walking on a leash like dogs.

  • Asian Leopard Cat

    • Natural habitat: Can be found throughout South, Southeast, and East Asia.
    • Size: These are roughly the same size as domestic cats.
    • Diet: Mostly eats small prey like rodents and small lizards.
    • Lifespan: They typically live for up to 13 years in captivity.

Asian Leopard Cats are a wild species of cats that are found naturally in Southern and Southeast Asia. They are mostly recognized by their spots which make them look like small leopards.  These cats small but mighty- they are challenging animals to own and can be wary of human interaction. There are, of course, more friendly with their owners.

  • Kangaroo

    • Natural habitat: Plains of Australia.
    • Size: Kangaroos can grow to be as tall as 6’7″, and can weigh up to 200 pounds.
    • Diet: Kangaroos are herbivores. They commonly graze on grass and succulent plants.
    • Lifespan: Kangaroos can live over 20 years in captivity.

Kangaroos are social animals. They are Marsaupials-animals that are closely related to rodents. They eat strictly plant matter and are giants which should not be caged or house trained, but rather, given a large area to roam about, especially with other animals of their own kind. Another factor is that they require adequate fencing to keep them contained. They can jump over four feet high and leap 15 feet in distance. They can, however, be friendly, and good to show off to friends and visitors.

  • Callitrichids

    • Natural habitat: South America.
    • Size: The largest species of this animal can grow to be over nine inches and weigh up to 14 oz.
    • Diet: They have a varied diet, including insects, fruit, and sap.
    • Lifespan: They can live from 10-20 years in captivity.

Callitrichids are small monkeys that are endemic to the Americas. Members of this family include marmosets and tamarins. Due to their small size, there are virtually no restrictions from the authorities preventing or regulating ownership of these animals. Due to their small size, these animals are among the most popular primate species to keep. Unfortunately, these monkeys are quite messy and have a strong smell, making them a poor choice as indoor pets.

  • Spotted Genet

    • Natural habitat: Native to Africa, north of the Sahara and also Southern Africa. They can also be found in Southwestern Europe.
    • Size: They usually range between 17-22 inches in length, and can weigh up to 4.4 pounds.
    • Diet: Has a varied diet of insects, birds, fruit, and small mammals.
    • Lifespan: Up to 13 years in captivity.

Spotted Genets are uniquely patterned: they have the shape of a mongoose, the spotted patterns of a leopard, and the ringed tail of a lemur. They are similar in appearance to the Southwestern ring-tailed cat, which is illegal to own. They love to climb trees but also come down to search the ground for small animals for food. They are not pets that like be handled, or to cuddle; they can be feisty.

  • Coatimundi

    • Natural habitat: The Americas: from Southwestern US to northern Uruguay.
    • Size: They typically range from 13-27 inches in length, and can stand 12 inches tall at the shoulder. They can also range between 4.4 and 17.6 pounds in weight.
    • Diet: small invertebrates, and fruit.
    • Lifespan: They can live for up to 16 years in captivity.

These are medium-sized animals that are part of a large family including the mountain coati, white-nosed, and South American red coati. They are roughly the size of a big house cat. They need large spaces to play around in. They available in pet stores, but it will require some paperwork to have them because they are protected by the state.

  • Bushbaby

    • Natural habitat: Forests of Africa.
    • Size: These are small animals, typically around 12 inches in length on average and between 2.6 and 3.3 pounds in weight.
    • Diet: They eat a wide range of things, including Insects, fruit, and tree sap.
    • Lifespan: They can live for up to 12 to 16 years in captivity.

Bushbabies, also known as galagos, are normally and naturally nocturnal primates. However, they are not monkeys; they are more closely related to the lemurs of Madagascar. In their native Africa, very few have actually seen them, and there are many mysterious folk tales about them. They have the habit of rubbing themselves with their own urine, which produces a strong smell which makes them unlikely candidates for house pets.

  • Tigers

    • Natural Habitat: Russia, China, India, Malaysia, Sumatra
    • Size: Tigers can vary in size according to species, but some species of Tiger can grow to be 12 feet (3.9 meters ) in length, and weigh around 330 Pounds.
    • Tigers eat Meat. The diet can be narrowed down to Poultry or any other kind of domestic bird. To remove the predatory instinct however, they should not be fed with live animals.
    • Tigers can live for up to 20 years in captivity.

Tigers are probably the biggest of the Big Cats. Surprisingly, however, they are quite tameable. Tigers have a long history of association with humans, having participated in the games in the colosseum, and other ancient theaters. In the present day Tigers continue to thrill crowds in circus shows around the world. In zoos, they are reported to be quite cooperative with handlers, especially those with whom they have become accustomed due to long association. In Texas, there are quite a number of tigers kept in people’s backyards. However, by law there a few stipulations: one of which is that you must prove that you have adequate funds to provide for your Tiger, including housing and feeding.

Other Exotic animals that you can keep as pets in Texas are:

  • Finger Monkeys
  • Hedgehogs
  • Squirrels
  • Snakes

(native species of poisonous species) can be kept as pets, but species such as the reticulated python, African rock python, Asiatic rock python, Green anacondas, and the South African python require a lot of paperwork to be owned in Texas.